Bruce “Sandy” Baumann







3-D Structure of Muscle Proteins and Filaments

Bruce A. J. Baumann (Sandy) has pursued an unusual path to get to the position of Post-Doc at the Taylor Lab. After initially attending graduate school in Physics at the University of Massachusetts (Amherst) he joined the United States Navy as an Engineering Specialist He served on both surface craft, submarines and various shore tours where he designed and repaired same, for 27 years.

After retiring from the Navy, he went to the Institute of Molecular Biophysics at FSU where he did research on skeletal. Smooth and insect flight muscle at Dr. P. Fajers Laboratory.

Upon receiving his doctorate in 2003 Dr Baumann transferred to the Laboratory of Dr. Ken Taylor where he is presently pursuing studies on the structure and function of smooth muscle utilizing cryo electron microscopy.

Since 1997 Dr. Baumann has collaborated with Dr Mike Reedy at Duke University on the structure and function of insect flight muscle using X-ray fiber diffraction.

Principal Research Interests: Structure and function of smooth and striated and insect flight muscle utilizing cryo-EM, EPR, ST-EPR and x-ray fiber diffraction.


Diffraction pattern of insect flight muscle.


  • 1965 BS degree in Physics from the University of Massachusetts, Amherst
  • 1967 MS degree in Physics from the University of Massachusetts, Amherst
  • 2003 PhD degree in Molecular Biophysics from Florida State University

Employment History

  • 1967-94 Engineering Officer United States Navy
  • 1994-95 Operations VP Rucker Environmental Remediation Inc.
  • 1996-03 Graduate Student IMB Florida State University
  • 2003-06 Research Assistant (Postdoc) Taylor Laboratory IMB, FSU



  • Bruce A. J. Baumann, Dianne Taylor, Kathleen M. Trybus, Kenneth Taylor. 3-D Reconstruction of Phosphorylated Smooth Muscle HMM Reveals Intermolecular Contact Between Myosin Heads and regulatory domain changes. Biophy. J. (Abstracts of 50th Annual Meeting) pg 167a (2006). (contributed platform presentation given by BAJB)


  • Reedy, M. K., Squire, J.M., Baumann, B. A. J. “X-ray fiber diffraction of the indirect flight muscle of Lethocerus indicus.” Advanced Photon Source User Activity Report 2000, Argonne, Argonne National Laboratories. (2000)
  • Baumann, B. A., B. D. Hambly, et al. “The regulatory domain of the myosin head behaves as a rigid lever.” Biochemistry 40(26): 7868-73 (2001)
  • Baumann, B. A., H. Liang, et al. “Myosin regulatory domain orientation in skeletal muscle fibers: application of novel electron paramagnetic resonance spectral decomposition and molecular modeling methods.” Biophys J 86(5) 3030-41 (2004)
  • Jun Liu, Mary C. Reedy, Yale E. Goldman, Clara Franzini-Armstrong, Hiroyuki Sasaki, Richard T. Tregear, Carmen Lucaveche, Hanspeter Winkler, Bruce A. J. Baumann, John M. Squire, Thomas C. Irving, Michael K. Reedy, and Kenneth A. Taylor. Electron tomography of fast frozen, stretched rigor fibers reveals elastic distortions in the myosin crossbridges. J. Struct. Biol. 147(3), 268-282 (2004)
  • Bruce A. J. Baumann, Dianne W. Taylor, Florence Tama, Patty Fagnant, Kathy Trybus & Kenneth A. Taylor. Phosphorylated smooth muscle heavy meromyosin shows an open conformation linked to activation. J. Mol. Biol. 415(2), 274–287 (2012). PMID: 22079364 [PubMed – in process]

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